Chapter – 17 : Suno To Ganga Ye Kya Sunaye..! ….Katarmal /Canterbury…!..Kosi / Cauci…! Bagheshwar/ Brighantes..!

Krumai/ Kumaon / Cymru / Cumbria / Waiguli / wales

Gangani ,Cauci , Catuvellauni and Brigantes tribes of ancient Britain as well as terminologies like Gwyddel and Cumbria clearly suggest connectrion between Devbhumi Uttrakhand and Britain . In previous chapter we checked connection between Gwyddel and Garhwal. Now we know that there is connection between Kabulshahi rulers, Shah rulers of Devbhumi as wella as Saxons.Now without doubt we can say that Britain is Sanatan defender of Gate way India. In previous chapter we discussed “Katir” kafir tribe. The Katir tribe defended ancient Lutdeh and Bragamatal towns for 1000 years at Gate way of India. Trihari garh (Tehri Garhwal) and Tara hill of Gwyddel (Ireland) connected Katir tribe that defended gate way of India for 1000 years, Katyuri king and Clan of Uttarakhand as well as ancient Britsh tribe Catuvellauni .

In Present chapter we shall discuss Safed –posh Waiguli Kafir tribe. The tribe defended Waigul valley at Gate way of India for 1000 years .Pl look at some facts about waiguli tribe narrated in The book –Kafirs of Hindukush..

Book Link (kafirs of Hindukush)

Wai people

“The Wai people speak a language quite different from
that spoken in Presungul or by the Siah-Posh, and are
a brave, high-spirited race, remarkable for their hospi-
tality, and for their proneness to quarrel. They are
said to be as generous in entertaining guests as the poor
Presungulis are declared to be niggardly and contemp-
tible .”(p-81)

-“The Wai men affect white cotton clothes,
and blue and other colours, whenever they can pro-
cure them. There is nothing remarkable about the cut
of the upper garment or shirt and the short wide
trousers. I well remember three splendid-looking men
of this tribe, with high aquiline features, marching up
the Kamdesh hill with a slow, decided, almost stamp-
ing tread, their shoulders thrown back, their chests
expanded, their mouths half opened for easy breathing.
They seemed too proud or indifferent to show the
slightest curiosity on meeting me. They wore white
cotton shirts and trousers, and had blue shawls carried
over the shoulders, the Aveather being hot. I have
also seen Wai men on one or two occasions in goat-
skin coats, or wrapped in the blue shawls made from
Afghan turbans ; but I have no recollection of any
distinctive thick garment, nor of any peculiar blanket.
The women wear, at times at any rate, shallow turbans
of white or drab-coloured cloth, with strings of cowries
in front of each ear, and necklaces of red and white
beads. From the centre of the front of the turban
there projects a small red tuft. Their clothing is of
light-coloured material. At a short distance they appear
to have a body-garment and a skirt reaching to the
knee. Coming closer to them, the observer perceives
that they are hard put to it to procure clothes, and
that their light-coloured garments arc of poor quahty.
They have a small pad fitted on the lower part of the
back, which supports the apex of the conical baskets
they use, in which custom they differ entirely from all
other Kafir women I have seen.”(523)

Koreish tribe (Kuru?)

– “The Kdm have two versions of themselves to offer.
One, proffered by what may be called the Agnostics, is
that the tribe originally came from the Salarzai country,
and that, beyond that fact, no one knows anything about
them. The other version is, that the Kam were origin-
ally Arabs, some say of the Koreish tribe, while others
affirm that it is the Wai, and not the Kam, who are
Koreish. The story goes, that after suffering many vicis-
situdes in consequence of the fighting connected with the
propagation of the Musalman religion, the Kam found
themselves at Kandahar, and, after another interval, at a
place called Kamich, in the Eamgul. There they warred
furiously with the Wai people, but in the end were vic-
torious, and compelled the AVai to pay them a yearly
tribute of four cows and four measures of wine.”
(p-158)

Krumai

– “The following are better stories, (i.) Imrd and all the
prophets (the narrator of this story was a Persian-speak-
ing Kafir, who used the Persian word for prophet to
denote all the gods except Imni) were seated one day
at the mouth of the valley up which runs a road from
the Skorigul to the Presungul. The goddess Krumai,
in the shape of a goat, came over from Tirich Mir ^ and
went among them, but none recognised her except Imra,
who took an opportunity, when she was not looking, to
push her into the mountain-stream. Struggling out of
the water, Krumai ran diagonally up the steep rock,
leaving the marks still visible in a vein of mineral of a
colour different from the rest of the rock. When she
got to the top she began kicking down showers of stones
on to the gods below, to their great annoyance. Imra
told them that the goat was Krumai, and added that he
alone had been clever enough to discover that fact. On
hearing this they all adjured Krumai to behave better.
She thereupon assumed her proper shape, came down
amongst them, and subsequently entertained them all. “(384)

Krumai dance

“There is no standing in one place nor any shuffling in the
Krumai dance. At the first beat of the drums and
squeak of the wind instruments, all the dancers begin
to trot round the building, some with swoops like old-
fashioned waltzing, oth thers going sideways, fast or slow
according to taste. On one occasion a huge man was
particularly noticeable. His idea of the thing was a
high-actioned step which brought his knees alternately
to the level of his waist. He attempted no other step,
but went round and round with an air of complete
self-satisfaction. At the same dance one or two of
the other performers did equal honour to themselves
and me by dancing in front of me with delighted
grins on their faces.” (651)
The Book Kafirs of Hindukush give account of Wai gul tribe who defended Waigul valley for 1000 years at gate way of India Better you read this book. Cymry and Wales are words that connects Gate way of India and wales.

Link to waiguli

In 1250 BC Cymru ennered Anatolia

British history says that Wales language explain us ancient british terminology very easily.Wales is land of Cymru people. Present Cumbria derived its name from wales terminology Cymru. These facts as well as ancient Tribes like Cauci (Kosi –river Kosi) and Brigantes signals towards Kumaon of Himalyan renge. Kumaon….the neighbour of Garhwal is clue to Cymru. In previous chapters about Anatolia we had seen that Cymru tribe reached Anatilia in 1250 BC. Mean their migration story begin with major Natural disaster that ruined Sarswati –sindhu culture.
shifting of Tectonic Plates may have changed or dried up course of Sarswati. As Sarswati dried up, we lost so many large settlements on bank of River Saraswati . Same time we also loose clues to everything written in our ancient scriptures.We became clueless. A catastrophic events dried Sarswati and drawn Dwarka .
Link to article on the subject

Now let check the facts that connect Kumaon , Waigul , Cymru and Cumbria.
Kumaon

Kumaon or Kumaun is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttarakhand, a mountainous state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. It includes the districts of Almora ,Bageshwar ,Nainital, Pithoragarh and Udham singh Nagar . It is bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Nepal, on the south by the state of Uttar Pradesh and on the west by the Garhwal region. The people of Kumaon are known as Kumaonis and speak the Kumaoni language..
It is home to a famous Indian Army regiment, the Kumaon Regiment..

Kumaon Garhwal map

Check and find province names in wales Map too..


The Kumaon region consists of a large Himalyan tract, together with two Submontane strips called the Terai and the Bhabhar.
The rivers like Gori, Dhauli, and Kali rise chiefly in the southern slope of the Tibetan watershed north of the loftiest peaks, amongst which they make their way down valleys of rapid declivity and extraordinary depth. The principal are the Sharda (Kali),(There is Severne river in Britain – Sharda?) the Pindari and Kailganga, whose waters join the Alaknanda. The river Sharda (Kali) forms the international boundary between India and Nepal. The pilgrim route currently used to visit Kailash-Mansarovar, goes along this river and crosses into Tibet at Lipu Lekh pass
Kumaon is believed to have been derived from “Kurmanchal”, meaning land of the Kurmavatar (the tortoise incarnation of Lord Vishnu, the preserver according to Hinduism). The region of Kumaon is named after as such.

Link

Descendent of Parikshit

Raja Bhanu Pratap was the ruler of Chandpur Garh one of the
52 Garhs of Garhwal. Chandpur is located at adistance of 3 Km form Adi Badari on Ranikhet-Adi Badari-Karna Prayag route. During his period, the ruler of Delhi was Raja Bhoj-I of Kannauj (840-890AD). Raja Bhanu Pratap had no sons. His elder daughter was married to Rajpal, son of King of Kumaon and younger daughter was married to Kanakpal of Panwar dynasty. They were the rulers of Dhar province in M.P. Incidentally, Raja Bhanu Pratap was the descendant of Raja Parikshit(son of Abhimannyu). Also Raja Kanakpal had come on pilgrimage to Hardwar from where he was taken toBadarinath by King Bhanu Pratap who got his younger daughter married to him. The royal dynasty of Garhwalstarts from King Kanakpal. He became the first ruler of Chandpur Garh in 888 AD.
Link

Katir kafirs (Cymru)were Suryavanshi……

The Katyuri Kings were a medieval ruling clan of Uttrakhand believed to have descended from Shalivahan ruler from Ayodhya. This links them with Suryavansha. However, many historians have placed them with Kuninda rulers and also of Khasa origins, who ruled over the Kumaon region between the 6th and 11th centuries CE
The Katyuri kings are also thought to be of Shaka ancestry, as Shalivahan, the king, is considered to be of Shaka stock[However, historians like Badri Dutt Pandey believe that the Katyurs came from Ayodhya.
They called their state Kurmanchal, the land of Kurma, the second Avatar of Vishnu, which gives the region its present name, Kumaon.
The Katyuri dynasty was a branch of Kuninda origin founded by Vashudev Katyuri Originally, from Jodhimath, during their reign they dominated lands of varying extent from the ‘Katyur’ (modern day Baijnath) valley in Kumaon, between 7th and 11th centuries C.E., and established their capital at Baijnath in Bageshwar District; which was then known as Kartikeyapura and lies in the centre of ‘Katyur’ valley. Brahmadev mandi (A trading / business center in flat land area of then katyuri kingdom) in Kanchanpur District of Nepal was established by Katyuris king Brahma Deo (Brahma Dev). Brahmadeo Mandi still exists by this name.
Link

Cymru connects wales with Waigul

Wales ( Cymru) is a country that is part the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain, Bordered By England to its east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish sea to its west. It has a population of three million, and a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi).

Wales map

Look at similarity of Province names of wales as well as Kumaon


During the Iron Age and early medieval period, Wales was inhabited by the Celtic Britons. A distinct Welsh national Identity emerged in the centuries after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations today. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was recognised as King of Wales in 1057. Llywelyn ap Guffydd’s death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward of England’s conquest of Wales.
Link to wales

Cymru / combrogi / Cambrian

The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, and Cymru is Welsh for “Land of the Cymry”. The etymological origin of Cymry is from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning “fellow-countrymen”. The use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the post –Roman Era relationship of the Welsh with the Brythonic-speaking peoples of northern England and southern Scotland. In its original use, it amounted to a self-perception that the Welsh and the “Men of the North” were one people, exclusive of all others. In Welsh literature, the word Cymry was used throughout the Middle Ages to describe the Welsh, though the older, more generic term Brythoniaid continued to be used to describe any of the Britonnic peoples (including the Welsh) and was the more common literary term until c. 1100. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh. Until c. 1560 Cymry was used indiscriminately to mean either the people or their homeland.
The Latinised forms of these names are Cambrian or Cambric (meaning “Welsh”) and Cambria (meaning “Wales”). They survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales, Welsh and the Welsh people.. Examples include the Cambrian Mountains (which cover most of Wales), the newspaper ” Cambrian News”, as well as the organisations Cambrian Airways ,Cambrian Railways etc.. Outside Wales, this form survives as the name of Cumbria in North west England, which was once a part of “Yr Hen Ogledd”. This form also appears at times in literary references, perhaps most notably in the Pseudohistorical “ Historia Regum Britanniae” of Geoffrey of Monmouth, where the character of Camber is described as the eponymous King of Cymru.

Link to Cymru

Cumbria / Brigantes tribe

At the end of the period of British history known as Roman Britain (c. 410 AD) the inhabitants of Cumbria were Cumbric speaking native “Romano-Britons” a language related to Old Welsh – probably descended from the Brigantes tribe which the Roman Empire had conquered in about 85AD. The Roman civitas of the Carvetii (sometimes considered to be a sub-tribe of the Brigantes) covered almost the same area as what is now Cumbria. Because Cumbria was on the very edge of the Roman province of Britannia the term “Romano-Briton” is probably not a very accurate term for the people of these parts because despite more than three hundred years of Roman military occupation it is unlikely very many of them understood Latin or were particularly enthusiastic about Roman customs. The names “Cumbria” and “Cumberland” are derived from the name these people gave themselves,Cymru (pronounced cum-ri), which originally meant ‘compatriots’ in Old Welsh. The place names Cymru, its Latinised version Cambria, Cumbria and Cumberland all derive their names from this common root.[ The name could also be associated with that of the Sicambri who came with the Tungri as auxiliaries in the 2nd and 3rd century. (Do Brigantes tribe have connection with Bageshwar of KUmaon? we shall check it afterward in present article)
Link to Cumbria
Cardiff
Cardiff is the capital and largest city in Wales and the 10th largest city in the United Kingdom. The city is Wales’ chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales.
The city of Cardiff is the County town of the Historicf County of Glamorgan (Or Almora?) Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. The Cardiff Urban Area covers a slightly larger area outside of the county boundary, and includes the towns of Dinas Powys (Pauri of present Garhwal?) and Penarth (Pithoragarh of Kumaon?). A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a Major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city.
Cardiff was made a City in 1905, and proclaimed Capital of Wales in 1955. Since the 1990s Cardiff has seen significant development with a new waterfront area at Cardiff bay which contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly .
NOTE – In the link below about Cardiff ,you will find ‘GOAT SYMBOL OF KRUMAI”of Kafiristan . Dance form of Kafiristan was also Krumai.
Link to Cardiff

Let us Simultaniously check some celtic tribes that clue to Kumaon

The Cantiaci Tribe

The Cantiaci or Cantii were a Celtic people living in Britain before the Roman Conquest, and gave their name to a Civitas of Roman Britain. They lived in the area now called Kent, in south-eastern England. Their capital was Duroverunum Cantiacorum, now Caterbury.
They were bordered by the Regnenses ( This tribe is clue to Ram…Lau .Kush ..That we shall discuss in Coming chapter about Ashkun kafir tribe) to the west, and the Catuvellauni (Katir Kafir tribe) to the north.
Julius Caesar landed in Cantium in 55 and 54 BC, the first Roman expeditions to Britain. He recounts in his De Bello Gallico v. 14:
“Ex his omnibus longe sunt humanissimi qui Cantium incolunt, quae regio est maritima omnis, neque multum a Gallica differunt consuetudine.”
“Of all these (British tribes), by far the most civilised are they who dwell in Kent, which is entirely a maritime region, and who differ but little from the Gauls in their custom.
Link
SEcond link to Cantiaci

Katarmal sun temple

Kataraml sun temple of Almora is situated at a place called Kosi Katarmal Kataraml this reason it is called the Sun Temple of the Sun Dev is one of the major temples. Dev principal gods of the sun fall into the category, based on the nature of existence is the Sun Lord, all over India worship the worship of Sun God is a faith and devotion with expressions and several temples in India Surya Dev, towns and villages All these can be found in the Sun Temple of the Sun temple of Uttarakhand Almora district of Kumaon Mandal Katarmal village can be seen in the religious and historically significant.

Kataraml the Sun Temple devotees, tourists and Puratttvvidon center of attraction for all to see the ancient architectural style and sense of righteousness is the beauty of the temple that enthralled everyone, even the experiences of all passengers in tempting to mind pleasant aspect of the temple are always fit and always hold their memories be of interest to them are thrilled.
Katarmal Sun Temple History | History of Katarmal Sun Temple

Kataraml Sun Temple of Konark temple is very old history of the renowned Sun Temple is considered to be nearly two hundred years old. The temple is built in the ninth or eleven century, the scholars differed concerning the establishment of the temple can be seen that some historians believe that the temple has been renovated, the Sun Temple is dedicated to Sun God . It is said that this temple was built by a king of Kataraml in early medieval times, was ruled by dynasty in Kumaon Ktyuri who contributed to the construction of the temple.
Link for More facts

Katarmalla:a Katyuri raja

Nestled among the thick deodars of these Kumaon hills is the imposing Surya temple. Located at Katarmal at an altitude of 2116 mt, this quaint temple, built in the 9th century, is relatively unknown as compared to the world-famous sun temple of Konark. Besides these two, there are three other sun temples in the country – Modhera sun temple in Gujarat, Martand temple in Kashmir and Osia in Rajasthan.

This sun temple is one of the most important temples dedicated to the Sun God. It was built by Katarmalla, a Katyuri raja, in the 9th century. In the early medieval period, Kumaon was ruled by the Katyuri dynasty. They ruled from the 7th to the 11th century and controlled large parts of Kumaon, Garhwal and western Nepal. Bajinath, near the present-day Almora, was the capital of the Katyuri kings and a centre of art. A number of temples were built during the reign of the Katyuri kings. They used stones instead of bricks in these temples. Large stones were quarried and transported over the hilly terrain, and iron clamps were used to hold the stones together. The Katyuri Dynasty constructed about 400 temples in Almora district alone. The majestic and tranquil Himalayas in the background lend an air of purity and serenity to these temples.

katarmal-sun-temple in Kumaon

Katarmal sun temple is clue to Cantubry?

The deity of the sun temple in Katarmal is known as Burhadita or Vraddhaditya (the old Sun God). The temple, noted for its magnificent architecture, artistically made stone and metallic sculptures and beautifully carved pillars and wooden doors, has a cluster of 44 small, exquisitely carved temples surrounding it. The present mandapa of the temple as well as many of the shrines within the enclosure have been constructed much later. The image of Surya in the temple dates back to 12th century. The idols of Shiva-Parvati and Lakshmi-Narayana are also found in the temple. However, the intricately carved doors and panels have been removed to the National Museum in Delhi after the 10th-century idol of the presiding deity was stolen.

Link for facts

Kosi river

The Kosi originates in the middle Himalayas of Kumaon, Uttaranchal, India. Kosi literally means “river” and is one of the few major Himalayan rivers that does not have a glacial source. As a result, the waters are comparatively warmer than the glacial rivers. It originates in the high ridges around Kausani, draining a fair share of Kumaon’s abundant monsoons, leaving the hills at Ram Nagar. The Kosi carves for itself a beautiful valley, still unspoilt, probably because for long stretches it does not run parallel to a motorable road.
Link

Kosi is a place from where you can start your journey to Katramal. Look at below sight.

Link to KOsi

Kosi or Cauci tribe?

This article is about the early Irish population group. For the continental Germanic group, see Chauci.
The Cauci were a people of early Ireland, uniquely documented in Ptolemy’s 2nd-century Geography, which locates them roughly in the region of modern County Dublin and County Wicklow. From the early 19th century, comparative linguists, notably Lorenz Diefenbach, identified the Cauci with the Germanic Chauci of the Low Countries and north-western Germany, a parallel already drawn by earlier antiquarian scholarship.Proponents of this view also pointed to the fact that the Manapii, who in Ptolemy’s map border the Cauci to the south, likewise bear a name that is almost identical to that of another continental tribe, the Belgic Menapii in north-eastern Gaul. This correspondence appeared to testify to population movements between the two regions. The linguistic aspect of this hypothesis was most recently (1917) developed by Julius Pokorny, although the Cauci-Chauci association is not universally acceptedThis early scholarship also drew attention to apparent parallels among Celtic or Celticized peoples of the Iberian peninsula, specifically a leader of the Lusitani named Kaukainos and a city called Kauka) (modern Coca), inhabited by Kaukaioi, among the Vaccaei, a prominent Celtiberian people. With regard to possible descendants of the Irish Cauci, Pokorny and Ó Briainrespectively favoured the obscure medieval septs of Uí Cuaich and Cuachraige, though in neither case has a connection been demonstrated.
Link to Cauci tribe

A Book named “An inquiry concerning the primitive inhabitants of Ireland” narrates following facts on page 109.

. Antiquities of Ireland, page 9 —’A notice in
Richard of Cirenchester expressly informs us
that the Menapii and Cauci, two Teutonic
tribes, arrived here a little before Caesar’s
attempt on England/ These tribes bounded
each other in Ireland, and afterward became
allies of the south-west Belgse. They were
called the long-haired or bushy -headed, by
Lucan ; and by the Irish, Sliocht Germain
— the German race, Fir Tuathal — O’Tool’s
men, Gaileanga or Fir Gailean — enemies, (P-109)
Book link

Nagnatae or Negi ?

Nagnatae (Lat.), Nagnatai (Gr.): lived on the west coast below the Erdini . In Map of the following link you can see Nagante,Gangani and Cauci tribe if Ireland.
Link

explanation with map Link

Negi

Negi means “negchari” and “perfect rajputs”. They are from the royal “thakur’s” family of northern India and negi also refers to the title given to nobles by the kings. Negi is also a title given to people serving in Army and Administration and fully devoted to their State. Being a title of status it became preferable in use, however many families still remember their original surnames Khatri Negi, Kendrawan Negi, Miyan Negi, Sipahi Negi, Moonda Negi, Baglana Negi, zokto (zokta) negi, etc.
Negi refers to the title and a surname of Rajputs in himachal district kinnaur, Kumaon and Garhwal regions of Uttarakhand and highlander thakurs from garhwal.
Negi Rajputs are believed to have migrated from the Indian plains during the Middle Ages. They still retain the name of their areas of origin: for instance, the ‘Udaipur Patti’ in Garhwal is a group of villages inhabited by people believed to have migrated from Udaipur in present-day Rajasthan, similarly “ajmer patti” for ajmer.

Noigiallach KIngs of Ireland

The Kingdom of Ireland is generally reckoned to have been founded by Niall “Mor” [“The Great”] or “Noigiallach” [“of the Nine Hostages”], circa 396/399, who subdued the whole of Ireland under him and founded the Medieval Irish Monarchy, and is thus reckoned as the first “King of Ireland” in the modern sense.
The Irish high-kingship at Tara prior to the time of Niall “Mor” had not been held exclusively by any one royal house, and the dynasties of the five Irish kingdoms were all eligible to supply representatives to reign at Tara as high-king [“Ard Ri”], but, after Niall’s reforms, or actually after the Battle of Ocha (483) ending the civil wars in Ireland that followed Niall’s death, the high-kingship was confined to the descendants of Niall “Mor”, that is, the “Ui Neill” or O’Neills, and it was agreed also that the succession should alternate between the two great branches of his descendants, the Northern O’Neills and the Southern O’Neills. There were over fifty kings of Medieval Ireland as Niall Mor’s successors, and all were his descendants, the O’Neills, with few exceptions, the others were the O’Briens and the O’Conors. In the eleventh century the O’Briens, and then in the twelfth century the O’Conors successively contested the Irish high-kingship with the O’Neills. The succession to the national Irish throne by the twelfth century came to be regulated by a code of three tenets, which were: (1) one must belong to the “derbfine” of any earlier high-king to be eligible for succession [that is, anyone descended in the male-line from an Irish high-king to the ninth generation]; (2) that a claimant must be able to prove his lineage; and (3) among those lawfully eligible, the succession was determined usually by “tanistry” or sometimes by election, depending on the situation and political climate at the time, thus, the succession did not necessarily pass to a king’s son but more often to a king’s cousin, or uncle, or nephew, according to the male-line. The system of “tanistry”, whereby, the king designated his successor during his life-time from the “worthiest” of his “derbfine”, was practiced among the royalty of Ireland, Wales, and Scotland, whereas in England the system of primogeniture developed as that country’s code of succession. In France the “Salic Law” [so-called] regulated the succession to its throne, whereby, the succession could only pass to or through a male-line descendant of the royal house. The principle was contested by England whose kings were more closely related to the old line of French kings than the new line which replaced them thus igniting the “100 Years’ War”. The election of an Irish high-king in an assembly of the Irish tribal chiefs, clan captains, and sept elders, was unusual but did happen on occasion. For example, such was the case in 1171 when King Henry II of England, whose grandmother was a descendant of Ireland’s first king, Niall “Mor”, was acknowledged as “Lord of Ireland” in an assembly of the Irish chiefs/kings, etc. The fact that the later English King Henry VIII claimed the Irish throne through his descent from the daughter and heiress of Ireland’s last king, Ruaidri II, was disputed by the Irish chieftains and was to be a matter of contention for centuries to come.
Do above facts remind you of Garhwal traditions?
Link for More facts

Brigantes or Bageshwar?

Now we know that Brigantes was Cymru tribe . There is Bageshwar in Kumaon.
First Know about Bageshwar…

Bageshwar

Bageshwar, the ‘Abode of Gods’ is an important pilgrim and tourist centre. It is located about 90 kms from Almora on the confluence of the rivers Saryu and Gomti. The town is famous for ancient Bagnath Temple and the annual Uttaraini fair held in January.

Bageshwar District MapThe beautiful town is also a delight for adventure sports lovers. The famous Pindari, Sunderdunga and Kafni glaciers can be reached via Bageshwar.

Bageshwar gets its name form this ancient temple of Lord Shiva set in the heart of the town. According to mythological legends, sage Markandey lived here and the place was visited by Lord Shiva in the form of Bagh or tiger.

Bageshwar is a city and a municipal board in Bageshwar district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is also the administrative headquarters of Bageshwar district.

There are many places of tourism and historic importance in Bageshwar. The town is situated on the confluence of rivers Saryu and Gomti. There are many old temples dating back to tenth century. Among them are the Baijnath temple and Bagnath temples. Bagnath temple is situated in the middle of the town just across the confluence of Saryu and Gomti. Chandika and Neeleshwar temples are other important temples in the district. These are on the top of the city (hills) and provide a nice glimpse of the city.

Other important shrines in and around Bageshwar are – Ram Ghat temple, Agnikund temple, Kukuda Mai temple, Shitla Devi temple, Trijugi Narayan temple, Hanuman temple, Nileshwar Dham, Swarg Ashram, Ramji temple, Loknath Ashram, Ashram of Amitji, Jwala Devi temple, Veni Mahadev temple, Radha Krishna temple, Bhileshwar Dham, Suraj Kund, Siddartha Dham, Gopeshwar Dham, Golu temple and Praktishwar Mahadev.

The name has been derived from “Byagreshwar”. ‘Byagra’ is tiger and ‘Ishwar’ is God. Therefore the name would mean Tiger God.

Kanda

Kanda 25 km (16 mi): The charming site on Bageshwar Chaukori road near the ancient temple of Bhadra Kali temple is a nature lover’s delight. Another sacred site, Pandusthal, said to be the legendary battle ground of the Kaurvas and Pandavas, is near Kanda.
Link for more facts

The Brigantes

The Brigantes were a Celtic tribe who in pre-Roman times controlled the largest section of what would become Northern England, and a significant part of the Midlands. Their kingdom is sometimes called Brigantia, and it was centred in what was later known as Yorkshire. Ptolemy lists the Brigantes also as a tribe in Ireland, where they could be found around Wexford, Kilkenny and Waterford.while another probably Celtic tribe named Brigantii is mentioned by Strabo as a sub-tribe of the Vindelici in the region of the Alps.

Within Great Britain, the territory which the Brigantes inhabited was bordered by that of four other Celtic tribes: the Carvetii (to whom they may have been related) in the North-West, the Parisii ( This tribe developed Paris and was called Koreish tribe –Parigot tribe ) to the East and, to the South, the Corieltauvi and the Cornovii. To the North was the territory of the Votadini, which straddled the present day border between England and Scotland.

The name Brigantes is cognate to that of the goddess Brigantia. The name is from a root meaning “high, elevated”, and it is unclear whether settlements called Brigantium were so named as “high ones” in a metaphorical sense of nobility, or literally as “highlanders”, referring to the Pennines, or inhabitants of physically elevated fortifications. (IEW, s.v. “bhereg’h-“).

In modern Welsh the word braint means ‘privilege, prestige’ and comes from the same root brigantja. Other cognates from the modern Celtic languages are: Welsh brenin ‘king’ (brigantinos); Welsh/Cornish/Breton bri ‘prestige, reputation, honour, dignity’, Scottish Gaelic brìgh ‘pith, power’, Irish brí ‘energy, significance’, Manx bree ‘power, energy’ (all brig-/brigj-); and Welsh/Cornish/Breton bre ‘hill’ (briga). The name Bridget from Old Irish Brigit (Modern Irish Bríd) also comes from Brigantja, as does the English river name Brent.

There are several ancient settlements named Brigantium around Europe, such as Berganza in Alava (Spain), Betanzos and Bergondo in Galicia (Spain), Bragança in Portugal and Briançon and Bregenz in the Alps.

The Old Italian word brigante, whence English and French brigand and brigade, occurs in medieval Latin in the 14th century in the forms brigancii, brigantii, brigantini, brigantes (OED). Although an ultimate Celtic origin for the word is possible, any connection of the Italian term to the Celtic ethnonym seems unlikely since the Brigantes had not played any significant role in Italy and had disappeared as a people for some thousand years by the time the word is attested.
Link to Brigantes

The powerful Celtic Brigantes counted as their territory all of the north of England except Humberside. They seem in fact to have been a collection of amalgamated tribes that took their name from the Celtic goddess Brigantia. The Brigantes had few hill forts and their settlements were mostly in the form of small hill crofts. They were neighboured to the east by the Parisi, to the south by the Coritani and Cornovii, and to the north by the Novantae, Selgovae, and Votadini.

Subdivisions (or sub-tribes) seem to have existed, for instance, the later Elmetians in the district of Leeds, and others on the northern fringe of Northumbria, such as the Carvetii in the region of Carlisle (Roman Luguvalium, founded AD 79), who may themselves have only become distinctly separate when the Romans founded Luguvalium. Directly east of them along the line of the Wall were the Lopocares and the Textoverdi, while in Lancashire were the Setantii, and on the North Yorkshire coast were the Gabrantovices. Some or all of these may only have become apparent after the Roman conquest of Northern Britain.

The later Romano-British kingdom of Rheged was a west-coast evolution of this tribal territory, while Bernaccia, Deywr, and Ebrauc occupied much of the east coast, emerging initially as part of the ‘Kingdom of North Britain’ in the late fourth century.

Link for more facts

There, Goídel’s descendant Breogan founds a city called Brigantia, and builds a tower from the top of which his son Íth glimpses Ireland. Brigantia can probably be identified with A Coruna, north-west Galicia, known as Brigantium in Roman times; A Roman lighthouse there known as the Tower of Hercules has been claimed to have been built on the site of Breogán’s tower.

The Canterbury / Katarmal / Kstigi- grom

After the Romans left Britain in 410 AD, Durovernum Cantiacorum was abandoned, apart from a few farmers, and gradually decayed. Over the next 100 years, an Anglo -Saxon community formed within the city walls, as Jutish refugees arrived, possibly intermarrying with the locals. The Jutes named the city Cantwaraburh, meaning “Kent people’s stronghold”.In 597 AD, Pope Gregory The great sent Augstine to convert King AEthelberht of Kent to Christianity. After the conversion, Canterbury, as a Roman town, was chosen by Augustine as the centre for an Episcopal see in Kent, and an abbey and cathedral were built. Augustine thus became the first Archbishop of Caterbury. The town’s new importance led to its revival, and trades developed in pottery, textiles and leather. By 630, Gold coins were being struck at the Canterbury mint.
After the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket at the cathedral in 1170, Canterbury became one of the most notable towns in Europe, as pilgrims from all parts of Christendom came to visit his shrine. This pilgrimage provided the framework for Geoffery Chauser’s 14th-century collection of stories, The Canterbury Tales.Canterbury is associated with several saints from this period who lived in Canterbury:
Link to canterbury

Katarmal sun temple

Nestled among the thick deodars of these Kumaon hills is the imposing Surya temple. Located at Katarmal at an altitude of 2116 mt, this quaint temple, built in the 9th century, is relatively unknown as compared to the world-famous sun temple of Konark. Besides these two, there are three other sun temples in the country – Modhera sun temple in Gujarat, Martand temple in Kashmir and Osia in Rajasthan.

This sun temple is one of the most important temples dedicated to the Sun God. It was built by Katarmalla, a Katyuri raja, in the 9th century. In the early medieval period, Kumaon was ruled by the Katyuri dynasty. They ruled from the 7th to the 11th century and controlled large parts of Kumaon, Garhwal and western Nepal. Bajinath, near the present-day Almora, was the capital of the Katyuri kings and a centre of art. A number of temples were built during the reign of the Katyuri kings.

Katyur Valley

The Katyuri dynasty was of a branch of Kunindas origin and was founded by Vashudev Katyuri. Originally, from Joshimath, during their reign they dominated lands of varying extent from the ‘Katyur’ (modern day Baijnath) valley in Kumaon, between 7th and 11th centuries AD, and established their capital, at Baijnath in Bageshwar district, which was then known as Kartikeyapura and lies in the centre of ‘Katyur’ valley.
Link to Katyur valley

And now look at “Kstigi- grom” temple at basement of Tirich mir – The highest pick of Hindukush. The book Kafirs of Hindukush – narrates as following.

Kstigi- grom

“The chief temple to Imra is at Presungul, at Kstigi-
grom, which is undoubtedly the most sacred village in
the whole of Kafiristan. The temple itself is an impos-
ing structure, elaborately ornamented. It is between
50 and 60 feet square, and about 20 feet high. On its
east side it has a square portico which covers as much
space as the temple itself, and is supported on carved wooden pillars, forming a kind of rough colonnade.”

A cauldron or Katarmal “ ?

A cauldron (or caldron) is a large metal Pot (Kettle) for cooking and/or boiling over an open fire, with a large mouth and frequently with an arc-shaped hanger

The word cauldron is first recorded in Middle English as caudroun (13th c.). It was borrowed from Old Northern French or Anglo -Norman caudron (Nornam -Picard caudron, French chaudron). It represents the phonetical evolution of VUlgur Latin *caldario for Classified Latin cald?rium “hot bath”, that derives from cal(i)dus “hot”.
The Norman-French word replaces probably the initial Old English word ?etel (German (Koch)Kessel “cauldron”, Dutch (kook)ketel “cauldron”), Middle English chetel. The word Kettle comes from the Old Norse variant spelling ketill “cauldron.. (Or Norse Katarmal?)
LInk to Cauldron

Holy Grail
The word graal, as it is earliest spelled, comes from old French graal or greal, cognate with Old provencal grazal and Old Catalan gresal, meaning “a cup or bowl of earth, wood, or metal” (or other various types of vessels in Southern French dialects). The most commonly accepted etymology derives it from Latin gradalis or gradale via an earlier form, cratalis, a derivative of crater or cratus which was, in turn, borrowed from Greek Krater (a two-handed shallow cup). Alternate suggestions include a derivative of cratis, a name for a type of woven basket that came to refer to a dish, or a derivative of Latin gradus meaning “‘by degree’, ‘by stages’, applied to a dish brought to the table in different stages or services during a meal”

Link to Holy Grail

Migration story of Kafir tribes towards west ……

We are discussing Kafir tribes ,the tribes who faught at gate way of India for 1000 years. The Book”Origines Celticae (a Fragment) and Other Contributions to the History of Britain” By Edwin Guest gives accont of Migration story of Those kafir tribes towards west . This account is realy helpful to connect Gate way of India and west.

The basic facts of this research is Kafir tribes those faught at gate way of India. In previous chapter we discussed Katir tribe. In this chapter we discussed Waiguli tribe. You pl read this book

The Book Link

Second link to the same book

In above book you can read about migration story of all Kafir tribes that faught at Gate way of India for 1000 years. I have taken most clues from this book.
Here I am providing you some facts from above Book.

– “ When the author of the Odyssey (11.33)carred Odussues
“ To the further limits of the deeply flowing Oceans ,
Where are the people and city of the Kimmerioi
Hidden in darkness and cloud”
He must, I think have had some Obscure knowledge, derived probably from sources. We shall investigate hereafter ,of certain Kimmerian settlement on the western ocean.” (p -8)
– On page -1 of this book You will find most kafir tribes mentioneded in The Book – Kafirs of Hindukush……. The book syas migration story of Kafir tribes in antiquity.
— Kimmerioi joined Phruges and Ludoi (Page -37)
– The Book also mentions Skordiski Galatia

Here I am providing you Link to another Book named “ Tartessian:Celtic in the South-West at the Dawn of History” By
JOHN T. KOCH. The book narrates that….

“Beyond the Aegean, some of the earliest written records of Europe come from the south-west, what is now southern Portugal and south-west Spain. Herodotus, the ‘Father of History’, locates the Keltoi or ‘Celts’ in this region, as neighbours of the Kunetes of the Algarve. He calls the latter the ‘westernmost people of Europe’. However, modern scholars have been disinclined – until recently – to consider the possibility that the south-western inscriptions and other early linguistic evidence from the kingdom of Tartessos were Celtic. This book shows how much of this material closely resembles the attested Celtic languages: Celtiberian (spoken in east-central Spain) and Gaulish, as well as the longer surviving languages of Ireland, Britain, and Brittany. In many cases, the 85 Tartessian inscriptions of the period c.750-c.450 BC can now be read as complete statements written in an Ancient Celtic language”
Book Link

Now we know that Raja Bhanu Pratap was the ruler of Chandpur Garh one of the
52 Garhs of Garhwal. Chandpur is located at adistance of 3 Km form Adi Badari on Ranikhet-Adi Badari-Karna Prayag route. and he was the descendant of Raja Parikshit(son of Abhimannyu). Katyuri or Katir tribe fought at gate way of India for 1000 years. Same tribe from Britain came and faught. Now it is being establshed that Our Pandavas are in Guptvas.
We know that Balgae or Istvaeones tribes (Ikshvaku vanshi) are Clue to Lau -nandan. Now we shall go straight for Lau nandan.Balage people entered Ireland and Britain too..But their strong hold was Group of Low countries. They are clue to Ram. They also had connecteion with word…. Gallia and Gwyddel.

Suno to Ganga ye kya Sunaye..

Ke mere tat par wo log aye

Jinhone Aise Niyam Banaye…

Ke pran jaye…. par vachan na jai.. !

Ganga hamari kahe bat ye rote rote..

Ram teri Ganga maili ho gai….!

Extra links
About Origin of Celts

Link to the previous article

Link to Mysterious Vedic Kalash tribe

About Chandrakant Marwadi

Researching ancint history.Have found that original name of London is Lav nanda. The fact shocked me. At end of research....that is thesis...anti theses and synthesis..I have following historical facts. Halahal / Holy I have found that We Sanatan dharmi people lost connection with Halahal tradition of Shiva. We turned Amrut seekers only. Rome and Greece has origin in Mahismiti ancient capital of Avantika. Mycenaean civilisation of Crete has origin in Mahishmati...Capital of Avantika . We have forgotten our savior Dharmapal or Gaurdians of Halahal. How can we recognise Paul and Paletine Hills of Rome ? To understand History of Trilokpati Ram and Shiva we have to go deeper in to History of Anhilwad (Gujarat) , Vallabhi - Oinwara ( Bihar) and England (Wales). All three kingdoms has origin in same root...same Skand. Go deep into the realm of Kritikas and Crete..Valli and Wales... Avantika and Aventicum and find eternal connection between Gaud / God......Halahal and Holy. Turk /Tarakasur Today's Indian history don't discuss much Turks....first invaded India. We could not spread our ancinet Scripture message...That Turks are Tarakasur. With this first folly... Then we could not recognise Lav nandan and Kartikeya too... Our real saviours. The jew lot in disguise started Azadi movement started quit india movement with Khilafat movement..in support of Turkish khilafat. Our this act broken heart of Kartyikeya and Lavnandan.
This entry was posted in A Book - There was Ram. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply