And now Lauvanshis in Anatolia …
People of southwest Anatolia in the 2nd millennium BC, who spoke an Indo-European language that was related to Hittite and Lydian. The Luvians may have contributed to the collapse of the Hittite empire.
The latest hieroglyphic Luvian inscriptions date from the 7th century BC, and Lycian (written from about 600 to 200 BC) is believed to derive from a Luvian dialect.
Luwian (sometimes spelled Luvian) is an extinct language of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family. Luwian is closely related to Hittite, and was among the languages spoken by population groups in Arzawa, to the west or southwest of the core Hittite area. In the oldest texts, eg. the Hittite Code, the Luwian-speaking areas including Arzawa and Kizzuwatna were called Luwia. In the post-Hittite era, the region of Arzawa came to be known as Lydia (Assyrian Luddu, Greek ).
Luwian is either the direct ancestor of Lycian, or a close relative of the ancestor of Lycia. Luwian is also one of the likely candidates for the language spoken by the Trojans, alongside a possible Tyrrhenian language related to Lemnian.
From this homeland, Luwian speakers gradually spread through Anatolia and became a contributing factor to the downfall, after circa 1180 BC, of the Hittite Empire, where it was already widely spoken. Luwian was also the language spoken in the Neo-Hittite states of Syria, such as Milid and Carchemish, as well as in the central Anatolian kingdom of Tabal that flourished around 900 BC.
Now know about Lycia
Lycia was a region in Anatolia in what are now the Province of of Antalya and Mugla on the southern Coast of Turkey. It was a federation of ancient cities in the region and later a Province of the Roman Empire. The Lycian League founded in 168 BC was an early federation with democratic principles; these later influenced the United States Constitution.
The Following link to the Book –“Indo-european language and culture: an introduction” By Benjamin W. Fortson can provide you further information about Luwia….
Link to the book
Lydia : Maeonia and Mermnad dynasty
Lydus was the third king of Maeonia in succession to his father Atys. He was the third and last king of the Atyad dynasty. According to Herodotus, Maeonia became known as Lydia after Lydus’s reign.
The language spoken by the Trojans in the Illiad is Homeric Greek. However, there has been some scholarly debate on what language the Historical Trojans would have spoken at the time of the Trojan War.
The Anatolia city of Wilusa, identified with the site Troy, is identified with the Troy of the Greek epics to a greater or lesser degree, depending on judgements regarding the Historical city of Iliad. The language likely to have been prevalent in the historical city is Luwian, although there are no direct records.
The cultural context in which the lost Trojan language existed was described by Jaan Puhvel, Homer and Hittite (1991).
Link to Lydia and Maeonia
Link to Iliad songs in which Hommer mentioned them as Carian or Maeonian
There was not enough evidence fruitfully to speculate upon the language of Troy until 1995, when a late Hittite seal was found in the excavations at Troy, probably dating from about 1275 BC. Not considered a locally-made object, this item from the Trojan “state chancellery” was inscribed in Luwian and to date provides the only archaeological evidence for any language at Troy at this period. It indicates that Luwian was known at Troy, which is not surprising since it was a Lingua franca of the Hittite empire, of which Troy was probably in some form of dependency.
Another sphere of research concerns a handful of Trojan personal names mentioned in the Iliad. Among sixteen recorded names of Priam’s relatives, at least nine (including Anchises and Aeneas) are not Greek and may be traced to “pre-Greek Asia Minor”.On this basis Calvert Watkins in 1986 argued that the Trojans may have been Luwian-speaking. For instance, the name Priam is connected to the Luwian compound Pariya-muwa, which means “exceptionally courageous”.
Additionally, the Alaksandu treaty describes Mira, Haballa, Seha and Wilusa (usually identified with Troy) as the lands of Arzawa, although this “has no historical or political basis”, suggesting that it was the language that they had in common. Frank Starke of the University of Tubingen concludes that “the certainty is growing that Wilusa/Troy belonged to the greater Luwian-speaking community”.)
Lydia was situated in the Western part of Asia Minor, on the river Galis, with its main city Sardis. It was first mentioned by Homer already in the 8th century B.C. under the name Maeonia. It was celebrated for fertile soil, rich deposits of gold and silver. Lydia became most powerful under the dynasty of the Mermnadae, beginning about 685 BC. In the 6th century BC Lydian conquests transformed the kingdom into an empire. Under the rule of King Croesus, Lydia attained its greatest splendor. The empire came to an end, however, when the Persian ruler Cyrus the Great captured Sardis about 546 BC and incorporated Lydia into the Persian Empire. After the defeat of Persia by Alexander III, king of Macedonia, Lydia was brought under Greek – Macedonian control. Soon after that, Lydians were assimilated by Greeks, Greek language and Greek culture, and though Strabo in the 1st century A.D. talks about Lydians as an ethnos, they did not have much of their original language at that moment.
Lydians were the first ones to mint coins in the history of mankind. They made Gold, Silver and Electrum (a mixture of gold and silver) coins at Sardis.
Lydian language belongs to New Anatolian languages, derived from Old Anatolian – Hittite, Luwian and Palaic(Pali language?). When the Hittite Empire fell, Anatolia city-states started a new epoch of Indo-European settlers of Asia Minor. These cities were inhabited both by Indo-European Hittites and non-Indo – European tribes like Hatti , Assyrians, Aramaeans. In the 7th century B.C. all East and Central Anatolian Indo-Europeans were practically assimilated by Semitic and other tribes, and Indo-European Hittites and Luwians had to move farther to the West, to the shores of the Aegean Sea.
Lydian was inherited directly from Hittite, but has a lot of its own new features. Lydian phonetics is more complicated: nasal vowels [a], [e] appeared; consonant system has several palatals for [s], [t], [d], [l], [n] very widely used. Palatals came from the combination of i + a consonant.
Lydian morphology also differs somehow from Hittite. Nouns are declined in pronominal declension, Hittite noun declension was almost completely lost. Accusative case is being replaced by dative in the meaning of direct object of the verb. Some verbal forms have endings derived not from Hittite same forms but from participles (for example, 3rd person plural has -l ending) or other verbal nouns.
Lydian has a wide choice of prefixes and particles with practically every word. Sometimes a personal pronoun has 3 particles before it, all of them meaning just emphasis.
Linguistic science has not yet learned much about Lydian, but the language is obviously Indo-European, and a lot of words represent their IE origin
The follwing link to the book “the luwian population groups of lycia and cilicia aspera during the …” can provide further information about Luwians.(P -50)
Link to the book
Mermnad dynasty: name of the royal family of ancient Lydia after c.680 BCE.
During the reigns of the five Mermnad kings, the Greeks of Asia Minor and many other nations were subdued.
They kept all the people west of the Halys in subjection – Lydians,Phrygians, Mysians, Mariandynians, Chalybians, Paphlagonians, Thracians (both Thynian and Bithynian), Carians, Ionians, Dorians, Aeolians, and Pamphylians. When all these nations had been added to the Lydian empire and Sardes was at the height of her wealth and prosperity, all teachers of that epoch, one after another, paid visits to the capital.
[Herodotus, Histories 1.28]
The following link to the book “The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the tyranny of Asia: a study of …” By Mark Henderson Munn (p111) can provide you further information about Mermnad dynasty.
Link to the book
The mariandinos tribe in Anatolia
The mariandinos (Mariandyni,) lived in the territory northwest of Anatolia .. It was a Thracian town of Bithynia between the rivers Sangarios and Billaeus, east of the tinios or Bithynians. Segúns Scalax Hypius was the river which formed the boundary between Bithynians and mariandinos. Strabo considers a branch of the Bithynians, but Herodotus clearly mentions a people com mariandinos Thracian and Bithynians as Thracians, also in the Persian army mariandinos Bithynians and appear separately and armaments and dress mariandinos was similar to that of Paphlagonians than that of the Bithynians. Both peoples were part of the third Satrapy Persian and the country was called Mariandinia (Mariandynia,).
. The main town of the territory was Pontic Heraclea , the Greek inhabitants of which overpowered the mariandinos to a state of servitude.
The following link to a book “A classical dictionary: containing a copious account of all the proper names …”
By John Lemprière, Charles Anthon can provide you further information about ariandinos tribe of Anatrolia(p-409)
Means The mariandinos were ally of Bythynia Kingdom which took leadership of War against Macedonia and Greece after Alexander’s invasion.
Sea of Marmara
The Sea of Marmara also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiguity as the Propontis, is the inland sea that connects the Black sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey’s Asian and European parts. The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardaneles strait to the Aegean. The former also separates Istanbul into its Asian and European sides.
The Marmara Region (Tirkish: Marmara Bölgesi), with a surface area of 67.000 km², is the smallest but most densely populated of the Seven geographical regions of Turkey. It represents approximately 8.6% of the Turkish national territory and about 30% of its population.
This region was officially put in existence after the Geography Congress of 1941 in Ankara and is geographically divided into four regional parts, or areas.
Its name derives from the Sea of Marmara, which itself is named for the island of Marmara.
Look at the map of Marmara district. The region is divided between Europe and Asia. The region says history of forgotten children of Bharatvarsha. Look Istambul itself .It is central part of Marmara region.
And History procced further……..
Castile and León
Or Kush and Lau?
Castile and León (Spanish: Castilla y León, Castiella y Llión) is an Autonomoous community in north-western Spain. It was so constituted in 1983 and it comprises the Hitorical regions of Leon and Old Castile (Spanish: Castilla la Vieja). It is the largest autonomous community in Spain, covering an area of 94,223 square kilometres (36,380 sq mi) with an official population of around 2.5 million (2005).
The organic law of Castile and León, under the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the region’s Statute of Autonomy.. The statute lays out the basic laws of the region and defines a series of essential values and symbols of the inhabitants of Castile and León, such as their linguistic patrimony (the Castilian language, which English speakers commonly refer to simply as Spanish, as well as Leonese and Galician), as well as their historic, artistic, and natural patrimony. Other symbols alluded to are the coat of arms, flag, and banner; there is also allusion to a regional Anthem, though as of 2009 none has been adopted. April 23 is designated Castile and Leon Day, commemorating the defeat of the comuneros at the Battle of Villalar during the Revolt of the Comuneros
, in 1521.
Merovech : Vishwa samrat Ram
Merovech (Latin: Meroveus or Merovius) is the semi-legendary founder of the Merovingian dynasty of the Salian Franks (although Chlodio may in fact be the founder), which later became the dominant Frankish tribe. He allegedly lived in the first half of the fifth century. His name is a Latinization of a form close to the Old High German given name Marwig, lit. “famed fight” (cf. mari “famous” + wig “fight”) compare modern Dutch mare “renowned” and vecht “fight”. The first Frankish royal dynasty called themselves Merovingians (“descendants of Meroveus”) after him.
The “Salian” in ” Salian Franks” may be a reference to Salt, a reminder of their pre-migration home on the shores of the North Sea (alternatively, it may refer to the Jsala or Ijssel river behind which their homeland, the Salland, may have been located.
Yes ,Alwar,Narwar and Kutwar are clue to world history. Alwar of India, Arzawa of Anatolia and Alawa of Poertugul are synonym term. In same way Kutwar of India ,Kut of Anatolia(Kizzuwatna) and Cumbria of Great Britain are synonym term. The connection between Navarre of Europe and Narwar of Madhya paradesh should be checked.
History of Anatolia mentions them as Luwian kingdoms. The history is very much right. Both kingdoms were clue to Kush of Ramayana. Kush …..the son of Ram…! This way presence of Kushvanshis (son of Ram) traced in Europe. They were partner in creation of Midland (Awadh).
Now no doubt ….London stands for Lau –nandan. History of Anatolia says history of Luwian kingdom Lydia too. Lydia was leader of Anatolia. Lydia is clue to Lau (One of the twin sons of Ramchandraji).No doubt now…Britain stands for Bahraich (Awadh). There is presence of Lau and Kush vanshis in Britain.
Now if you permit me I want to change name of My book to There is Ram. If you agree with me comment in Box and sugest me perfact name.
I think that now Book name should be “There is Ram”. But I shall not change it until I get your consent.
Site that carry similar facts
At the end of theresearch
Anarta / Anatolia /Atlantis
We have found lost continent of Atlantis
At the end of research we find that Anatolia was carrying history of ancient Anarta kingdom of Bharatvarsha. That Shryati founded in present day Gujarat. capital city of Anarta was Kushasttali.Kushasthali was beneath Ocean. WE have found Lost continent Atlantis. Now we find that original root word of Crete was Kursawar or Kussattar. .Shryati happened to be prior to Ram and river Saryu was named after Sharyati. Pl read The detail I mention in the chapter 7(1)
Link to Archaelogical findings of Kushsthali
LINK TO BOOK OF HELENE PETROVNA BLAVATSKY ( I WANT TO REMIND YOU THAT SHE HAS -NOT SOMETHING TO BUT EVERYTHING – TO DO WITH KRISHNA AND PAURTICULARLY BALDEV AND ANARTA)
Now if we find all these indian Royals in Anatolia..then it is not matter of Surprise.they were carrying their traditions only.
PL READ DETAILS IN CHAPTER -7(1) of Book section