I want to begin with Hittite kingdom of Anatolia . But
ancient history of Anatolia is very complicated . It has connections with Summer, Babylon, Egypt, Cush kingdom of south Sudan and Kingdom of Ethiopia. Of all these historical junctions ,Kush kingdom of south sudan and its Pyramids named “Al Kuru” gives us clear clue to Kuru and Hastinapur.
Names of the kings
There was Cush kingdom in south sudan .We find king’s names like
Aspelta ,Arakamani, Nastasen, Kandakes Shanakdakhete ,Amanirenas,Amanishakheto, Amanikhatashan etc. we know that suffix “Sen” and “Mani” are clue to ancient king’s names of Bharatvarsha.
So here I prefer to aquaint you with History of Sudan ,Ethiopia and Egypt prior to understand history of Anatolia. Now let us check some clue words.
Khartoum (Arabic- Al Hartum) is the Capital and largest city of Sudan and of Khartoum state. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile flowing north from Lake Victroria, and the Blue Nile flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as “al-Mogran”. The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.
Lunar Dynasty history says that Kshatravriddh’s son Suhotra, had three sons.1.Kashya2.Kushand 3.Grihatsmad. These all clue words are available in Sudan.
Kingdom of Kush (south Sudan) /Egypt/ Ethiopia
The Kingdom of Kush was an ancient Nubian state centered on the confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and River Atbara in what is now the Republic of Sudan.
Established after the Bronze Age collapse and the disintegration of the New kingdom of Egypt, it was centered at Napata in its early phase. After king Kashta (“the Kushite”) invaded Egypt in the 8th century BC, the Kushite kings ruled as Pharaohs of the Twenty –fifth Dynasty of Egypt for a century, until they were expelled by Psamtik I in 656 BC.
During Classical Antiquity, the Nubian capital was at Meroe. In early Greek Geography, the Meroitic kingdom was known as Ethiopia. The Nubian kingdom at Meroe persisted until the 4th century AD, when it was militarily defeated by the Ethiopian kingdom of Axum.
The native name of the Kingdom was likely kas, recorded in Egyptian as kush..
The name Kash is probably connected to Cush in the Hebrew Bible , son of Ham (Genesis 10:6).
The conventional name “kingdom of Kush” was introduced in 19th-century Egyptology.
During the New kingdom of Egypt ,Nubia (Kash) was an Egyptian province, governed by the Viceroy of Kush. With the disintegration of the New Kingdom around 1070 BCE, Kash became an independent kingdom centered at Napta.
El Kuru pyramid and king Nastasen
El-Kurru was one of the royal cemeteries used by the Nubian royal family. Reisner excavated the royal pyramids. Most of the pyramids date to the early part of the Kushite period, from Alara of Nubia to King Nastasen (beginning of the third century BCE).
Kussara in Ethopia
Kussara is located in Afar, Ethiopia. Latitude and longitude are 11.3333° N and 41.0333° E.
There is some confusion over the usage of the word Ethiopia in ancient times and the modern country.For example, many ancient maps of Africa, which appeared approximately at the time of the European Age of Discovery, named the continent of Africa as Aethiopia, also naming what we now call the Atlantic Ocean, as Oceanus Aethopicus.
Ancient Greeks historians such as Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus used the word Aethiopia to refer to the peoples living immediately to the south of Ancient Egypt, specifically the area now known as the ancient kingdom of Kush, now a part of modern Nubia, as well as all of Sub –Saharan Africa in general. However, the Roman historian Pliny the Elder (79 CE) uses “Aethiopia” exclusively for Sub-Saharan Africa, expressly stating that the inhabitants of the Upper Nile from Elephantine as far as Meroe in his day were not from Aethiopia, but were “Arabs”.The opinion of the ancient writers on the Egyptians is more or less summed up by French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero though, in The Dawn of Civilization (1894), when he says, “By the almost unanimous testimony of ancient historians, they [the Egyptians] belong to an African race which first settled in Ethiopia on the Middle Nile: following the course of the river they gradually reached the sea”; this showing that the empire did stretch into the Lower Nile region and eventually developed into the Egyptian empire.
And now Kussara in Anatolia
Kussara (Hittite: Kussara) was a city of Bronze Ages south-eastern Anatolia. The rulers of Kussara extended their authority over central Anatolia, conquering Hittite -speaking Kanesh (Ganesh? I shall produce Book facts in following Article), destroying the future Hittite capital of Hattusa, and subjugating territories as far north as the Black Sea.
A man named Pithana is the earliest known ruler of Kussara and was responsible for the conquest of Kanesh (Neša). His son Anitta extended these conquests, destroyed the future Hittite capital Hattusa, and is the earliest known ruler to memorialize his achievements using the Hittite language. Now understand the clue to word Anatolia ?
Kussara and Hittite are clue words . Thease words connects us with Kuru pyramid of Kush kingdom .
Now let us check historical facts about Hittite kingdom of Anatolia.
Hattusha’s Other spellings: Hattusa; Hattusa; Khattusas
Ancient town, capital of the Hittite Empire. Its population is estimated to have been 50,000 at its most.
Hattusha was an imperial capital from about 1680 until 1193 BCE, less than 500 years. Strong state formations of the Hittites lasted until 710, but now Carchemish had replaced Hattusha as the strong city of the region.
Its modern location is in north-central Turkey, close to the modern village of Bogazkale, which has between 2,000 and 3,000 inhabitants. 35 km southeast is Yozgat while Ankara is about 170 km west.
The location of Hattusha is curious, while all major capitals throughout history were at the most central location possible, Hattusha was in all ways remote. But, the actual remoteness may have been its most important quality. Any advancing army would waste their strength long before arriving here. The city itself was built on a natural fortress, on a mountain slope, between two deeply cut riverbeds.
Hattusha was protected by city walls following the natural fortress of the mountain. The city was about 2 km from north to south, and 1.2 km east to west. Hattusha had two circles of city walls, the inner section was made up by a citadel, administrative buildings and temples.
The main city and the residential quarters rest together south of the fortified inner city. Two stone lions and two sphinxes protect each their city gate, a third gate is noted for a relief figure of the god Teshuba, still it is called King’s Gate.
Among the most important discoveries at Hattusha has been the royal archives of clay tablets, with inscriptions in cuneiform. One of the tablets contain details of the peace settlement between the Hittites and the Egyptians from the early 13th century BC.
A Book “ Historical dictionary of the Hittites” By Charles Allen Burney can give you further information.
Link to Book
History in Brief
3rd millennium BCE: First records of settlements here, populated by a people called Hatti.
Early 2nd millennium: Addyrian presence, the name appears to be Hattus. Hattus is, however, second in regional importance to the colony of Kanesh (near modern Kaysari).
Around 1900 BCE: The Hittites, most probably coming from western Europe, conquer Hattus. In their language it would become known as Hattusha.
After 1800 BCE: King Anittas of Kussara defeats the king of Hattusha, King Piyusti.
Middle 17th century BCE: King Labarnas of Kussara makes Hattusha his new capital, taking the name Hattusilis 1. He is regarded as one of the founders of the Old Hittite kingdom.
1380: Hattusha is destroyed by unknown invaders.
Middle 14th century BCE: Hattusha rebuilt by the command of King Suppiluliumas 1, under whose reign the territory of the Hittite kingdom grew across Anatoia and into Syria.
1300 BC: The Hittite capital is relocated from Hattusha by the command of King Muwatallis, but returned to Hattusha by the succeeding king.
1193 BC: Hattusha is destroyed, as part of the fall of the Hittite Empire, caused by the Sea People. It appears that Hattusha would remain abandoned after that for many centuries.
8th century BC: New settlement, belonging to the Phrygians.
3rd century BC: The Celtic tribe of Galatians invade from Europe and settle in the region of Hattusha.
Early 1st millennium CE: Hattusha is again abandoned.
1834: Ruins of Hattusha are discovered.
1906: Excavations begin.
1986: Hattusha is added to the UNESCO World Heritage list.
With above facts now we know that King Labarnas of Kussara makes Hattusha his new capital, taking the name Hattusilis. He is regarded as one of the founders of the Old Hittite kingdom. Let us know something of Kussara.
Why -Vishwa Samrat Ram?
One can quetion that why I wrote Vishwa Samrat Ram(king of The world –Ram)? The answer to the question is in following facts.
Ramesses II (Egypt)
Ramesses II (c. 1303 BC – July or August 1213 BC; Egyptian:Rim?sisu, alternatively transcribed as Rameses and Ramses referred to as Ramesses the Great, was the third Egyptian Pharaoh (reigned 1279 BC – 1213 BC) of the Nineteenth Dtnasty. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. His successors and later Egyptians called him the “Great Ancestor”. Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant, re-asserting Egyptian control over Cannan. He also led expeditions to the south, into Nubia, commemorated in inscriptions at Beit el -Wali and Gerf Hussein.
Ramesses II celebrated an unprecedented 14 Sed festivals (the first held after thirty years of a pharaoh’s reign, and then every three years) during his reign—more than any other pharaoh. On his death, he was buried in a tomb in the Valley of Kings; his body was later moved to a Royal cache where it was discovered in 1881, and is now on display in the Cairo Museum.
The immediate antecedents to the Battle of Kadesh were the early campaigns of Ramesses II into Cannan and Palestine. His first campaign seems to have taken place in the fourth year of his reign and was commemorated by the erection of a stele near modern Beirut. The inscription is almost totally illegible due to weathering. His records tell us that he was forced to fight a Palestinian prince who was mortally wounded by an Egyptian archer, and whose army was subsequently routed. Ramesses carried off the princes of Palestine as live prisoners to Egypt. Ramesses then plundered the chiefs of the Asiatics in their own lands, returning every year to his headquarters at Riblah to exact tribute. In the fourth year of his reign, he captured the Hittite vassal state of Amurru during his campaign in Syria.
Ramesses decorated his monuments with reliefs and inscriptions describing the campaign as a whole, and the battle in particular as a major victory. Inscriptions of his victory decorate the Ramesseum, Abydos, Karnak, Luxor and Abu Simbel. For example, on the temple walls of Luxor the near catastrophe was turned into an act of heroism:
The Karnak Temple
The Karnak Temple Complex—usually called Karnak—comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. Building at the complex began in the reign of Sesostris I in the Middle kingdom and continued into the Ptolemaic period, although most of the extant buildings date from the New kingdom.
The area around Karnak was the ancient Egyptian Ipet-isut (“The Most Selected of Places”) and the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty Theban Triad with the god Amun as its head. It is part of the monumental city of Thebes. The Karnak complex takes its name from the nearby, and partly surrounded, modern village of El -Karnak, some 2.5 km north of Luxor.
A book “Vital Questions” By Philip Stott connects Karnak temple with design of stone henges found in Asia and Europe. Karnak temple, stone henge are vital clue to ancient history of Bharatvarsha. Deep research is needed in the subject.
Luxembourg officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg, Dutch: Groothertogdom Luxemburg), is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium,France and Germany. It has two principal regions: the Oesling in the North as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland (“good country”) in the south. Luxembourg has a population of over half a million people in an area of approximately 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq mi). A representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is ruled by a Grand Duke.
The recorded history of Luxembourg begins with the acquisition of Lucilinburhuc (today Luxembourg Castle) situated on the Bock rock by Siegfried, count of Ardennes in 963 through an exchange act with the abbey of St Maximin in Trier. Around this fort, a town gradually developed, which became the centre of a small state of great strategic value. In the 14th and early 15th centuries three members of the House of Luxembourg reigned as Holy Roman Emperors.
Carnac (Breton: Karnag) is a Commune beside the Gulf of Morbihan on the south coast of Brittany in the Morbihan department in north-western France. The Carnac stones are an exceptionally dense collection of Megalithic sites around the French village of Carnac, in Brittany, consisting of alignments, dolmens, tumuli and single menhirs. The more than 3,000 prehistoric standing stones were hewn from local rock and erected by the pre-Celtic people of Brittany, and are the largest such collection in the world.
Its inhabitants are called Carnacois. Carnac is renowned for the Carnac stones – one of the most extensive Neolithic Menhir collections in the world – as well as its beaches, which are popular with tourists.
Located on a narrow peninsula halfway between the medieval town Vannes and the seaside resort Quiberon, Carnac is split into two centres – Carnac-Ville and Carnac-Plage (the beachfront). In total there are five beaches, including la Grande Plage, and further to the east, Plage Men Dû and Beaumer.
The Carnac stones were erected during the Neolithic period which lasted from around 4500 Bc until 2000 BC. The precise date of the stones is difficult to ascertain as little dateable material has been found beneath them, but the site’s main phase of activity is commonly attributed to C.3300 BC. One interpretation of the site is that successive generations visited the site to erect a stone in honour of their ancestors.
My title ” Vishwa samrat Ram” carry real meaning now?
At the end of research
Now we know that Amorite tribes (tribes of Amarawati) having traditions of naming country with name of Indra. If you look at Indra sahsra namawali then “Sudase” is name of the Indra. During research we also find Amorite tribes there .
The Following site tell it clearly that Hittite was a tribes Amorite tribes.
Link to Hittite Empire
My Article on Israel or Indra ? will hepl you to connect the facts
Luxor / Karnak
Ramsess of Egypt will lead you towards Low countries that Founded Holy Romishch Reich. Luxar and Karnak (Luxamburg and Carnac of Europe) will lead you in that direction. Ramaside dynasty followed Aten Pharaho dynasty in Egypt.Indra line ends there and Ramasside line began in Egypt.
The word Hittie is clue to Sarswati river civilization and Helmand (Haetumant)river and province .
Then Hasingleigh (Saxon -Saksyan =Indra)
Link to Hastingleigh in Britain
At the end of research Now we know that Amorite tribes (tribes of Amarawati) having traditions of naming country with name of Indra. If you look at Indra sahsra namawali then “Sudase” is name of the Indra. During research we also find Amorite tribes there . The Following site tell it clearly that Hittite was a tribes Amorite tribes. Link to Hittite Empire My Article on Israel or Indra ? will hepl you to connect the facts Article Link Luxor / Karnak Ramsess of Egypt will lead you towards Low countries that Founded Holy Romishch Reich. Luxar and Karnak (Luxamburg and Carnac of Europe) will lead you in that direction. Ramaside dynasty followed Aten Pharaho dynasty in Egypt.Indra line ends there and Ramasside line began in Egypt. The word Hittie is clue to Sarswati river civilization and Helmand (Haetumant)river and province . Then Hasingleigh (Saxon -Saksyan =Indra) Link to Hastingleigh in Britain
At the end of The research
Yes we are in the right direction.
Hatisila / Hattusilis
Guvaka (Tambul) + Hati (Row of Tree) = Guvahati
Chakampe Tirualauhitya Tasmin Pragjyotisesvarh Tamisal Kamrupanantya Khanda labikraman
Raghuvansha IV 81/83
Link to History of pragjyotish -ancient Assam.
Hatisila under Pragjyotishpur police station in Kamrup (metropolitan). Lauhitya River In ancient times, Assam and its surrounding area was known as Pragjyotisha or Kamarupa. The mighty Brahmaputra river which flows through Assam was known as the Lauhitya. The river meant water, fertile soil and trade, so it is not surprising that many villages and towns sprang up on and near the banks of the Brahmaputra. But there were many people who lived in the hills as well.
Link to Lauhitya river -Bhrahmputra
Link to Guvahati – Guva + Hati
King Mursili and The sun goddess of Arinna of Hitti
The sun goddess of Arinna is the most important one of three important solar deities of the Hittite Pantheon ( Panth, besides UTU nepisas – “the sun of the sky” and UTU taknas – “the sun of the earth”.
She was considered to be the chief deity in some source, in place of her husband. Her consort was the weather god, Teshub; they and their children were all derived from the former Hattic pantheon.
The goddess was also perceived to be a paramount chthonic or earth goddess. She becomes largely syncretised with the Hurrian goddess Hebat.
In the late 14th century BC, King Mursili II was particularly devoted to the sun goddess of Arinna.
Link that state bout Ariana and Hitti conection
King Mordhwaj and Aranya devi
The third legend is that King Mordhwaj and the queen were not happy as they had no son. They prayed to goddess Durga in order to bless them with a son. The goddess appeared before the king in his dream and gave her the blessing. The royal boy provided all the earthly pleasures to his parents. One night in his dream King Mordhwaj saw goddess Durga asking him to sacrifice his son before her altar. It was said that the boy should be made to stand before the altar and the king and the queen, standing on either side of him, were to ply the saw from the boy`s head downwards till his body was cut into two halves, with the blood falling before the altar and no tears trickling down their eyes. The king took conveyed this dream to his royal consort and both agreed to execute the mandate. The trial came. The king and queen applied the saw on the head of the prince and just as they were starting to ply the saw, the divine mother appeared and blessed the couple and the prince for their devotion to her. It is also believed that in this way the scene of the sacrifice came to be known as arrah. The king installed a temple at Arrah which was called Aranya Devi temple.
Link to Aranyadevi of Arrar (Bihar)
Link that explain that ancient name of Iran is Ariana
Miletus – Hittite connection
Recorded history at Miletus begins with the records of the Hittie Empire in the Late Bronze Age. The prehistoric archaeology of the Early and Middle Bronze Age portrays a city heavily influenced by society and events elsewhere in the Aegean, rather than inland.
Miletus (Hittie transcription Millawanda or Milawata :Ancient Miletos; Miletus: Miletus; Turkish: Milet) was an ancient city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria. Its ruins are located near the modern town of Balat in Aydin Province, Turkey. Before the Persian invasion in the middle of the 6th century BC, Miletus was considered the greatest and wealthiest of Greek cities. Evidence of first settlement at the site has been made inaccessible by the rise of sea level and deposition of sediments from the Maeander. The first available evidence is of the.Neolithic In the early and middle Bronzeage the settlement came under Minoan influence. Legend has it that an influx of Cretans occurred displacing the indigenous Legends. The site was renamed Miletus after a place in Crete.
The Late Bronze Age, 13th century BC, saw the arrival of Luwian language speakers from south central Anatolia calling themselves the Carians. Later in that century the first Greeks arrived. The city at that time rebelled against the Hittite Empire. After the fall of that empire the city was destroyed in the 12th century BC and starting about 1000 BC was resettled extensively by the Ionian Greeks. Legend offers an Ionian foundation event sponsored by a founder named Neleus from the Peloponnesus.
Link to Miletus that has connection with Millawanda or Milawata (Malava of Madhya pradesh Of India) and Carian.
Miletus in Ireland
Milesians in Ireland
Note that the Scythians from Spain were known as Milesians—a name replete throughout the Irish annals.
Note that the Scythians from Spain were known as Milesians—a name replete throughout the Irish annals. Peter Berresford Ellis, one of the foremost Celtic scholars now writing, states in his 2002 book Erin’s Blood Royal: The Gaelic Noble Dynasties of Ireland: “The indigenous Gaelic aristocracy of Ireland is, without doubt, the most ancient in Europe . . . The Irish royal houses have genealogies . . . tracing their descent, generation by generation, from the sons of Golamh, otherwise known as Milesius or Mile Easpain (soldier of Spain), who, according to tradition, invaded Ireland at the end of the second millennium B.C. [a time frame which is problematic, as we will see]. He is regarded as the progenitor of the Gaels” (p. 3).
Ellis thus sees the name Milesius as deriving from a root that means “soldier,” as the Latin miles, the origin of our word military. Yet as we saw earlier, the term Milesian is normally used to designate the people of Miletus in western Asia Minor (now western Turkey). We should look more into the background of this important Aegean city-state to see if there could be a connection.
Link that explains abore facts
The Book link “Desi Words Speak of the Past”
By By Dr. Liny Srinivasan ( 249) will explain you more about Ariana and other goddess
Yes Iraland has roots in Araria of Bihar.
Hittite / Hattusila and term like “Millawanda or Milawata “(Malwa) lead us towards Haihaya history of Avanti.
Link to Harsidhi mata of Harsool will explain you term like Hattisha.
Aventine Hill carry history of Avanti
Seven hills of Rome
Now we are very much near to mystery of seven hills of Rome. Now we know that Capitoline Hill carry history of Kamakhya , Palatine hill carry history of ancient Pala rulers of Pryag Jyotish. And now ti is very clear that Aventine hill carry history of Haihaya and Haihaya rulers.
Link to Aventine Hill
Now no doubt……….
Venus is form of Vaishno devi