It is translated and updated version of original Article published in Guajarati in Local news paper Divya Bhaskar on 30/06/2011
Link to original Article
Nahusha was a well-known king of the Aila Dynasty (Can you understand meaning of Iliad now ?). He was the son of Ayu, the eldest son of Pururavas and Prabha, the daughter of Svarbhanu. Nahusha reigned from Pratishthana. He married Viraja, the daughter of the Pitrs. They had six or seven sons, according to different Puranas. His eldest son Yati became a muni (ascetic). He was succeeded by his second son Yayati.
One version of the narrative says that Nahusha aspired to the possession of Indrani, wife of Indra, when that god had concealed himself for having killed a Brahmin, Vritra. A thousand great Rishis bore the palanquin of Nahusha, and on one occasion he touched with his foot the great Agastya, who was carrying him. The sage in his anger cried out, “Fall, thou serpent,” and Nahusha fell from his glorious car and became a serpent.
Agastya, at the supplication of Nahusha, put a limit to the curse; and according to one version, the doomed man was released from it by the instrumentality of Yudhishtira (The eldest Pandava), when he threw off “his huge reptile form, became clothed in a celestial body, and ascended to heaven.”
Yayati was the second son of King Nahusha, of the Aila dynasty, son of Ayu, the eldest son of Pururavas and Prabha, the daughter of Svarbhanu. Yayati succeeded his father as his eldest brother Yati became a muni (ascetic).
Yayati was one of ancestors of Pandavas. He was a great scholar of Vedas. He had five brothers Yati, Samvati, Avati, Viyati and Kriti. Yayati ordered his four brothers to rule in Four directions. Yayati had two wives, Devayani and Sharmishtha. Devayani was the daughter of Shukracharya, the priest of Asuras (the Demons). Sharmishtha was the daughter of the Demon King Vishwaparva. Sharmishthe was a friend and servant of Devyani. After hearing of his relationship with second wife Sharmishta, from Devayani her father, sage Shukracharya cursed Yayati to old age in the prime of life, but later allowed him to exchange it with his son, Puru. His story finds mention in the Mahabharat Adi -Parva and also Bhagvata Puran.
Yayati and his ancestors ruled from Hastinapur while his descendants from Khandavprastha, which lay of the banks of Yamuna. The city fell into ruin and was over grown by a forest, known as Khandava Vana. Later the Pandavas received it as Dhritrashtra divided the kingdom between them and his sons, the Kauravas. Pandavas rebuilt the ruined city and erected palaces and forts and renamed it Indraprastha.
Yayati story Link
In Hindu Mytology Devayani was the daughter of Shukracharya and his wife Jayanti, daughter of Indra. In her early life, she was rejected by Kacha, the son of Brihaspati. Thus Devyani cursed him he will never be able to use his knowledge, in turn Kacha also cursed Devayani that she would not get married to any Devas.
She later married Yayati son of Nahusha whom she encountered when the princess Sharmishta pushed her into a well. Devayani asked Yayati to marry her as he had clasped her hand while lifting her out of the well.
Yayati had two sons from Devayani – 1.Yadu and 2. Turvasu.
Yayati also had three sons from Sharmishtha – 1. Druhyu 2. Anu and 3. Puru.
Following link can help you to know about their sucssesors. The site can match Druhyu and Dorian (Who migrated to Greece) too.
There is hsitorical Devayani temple at bank of Salt lake Sambhar. Legend says that Yayati and Devayani married there.
Link to Salt lake Sambhar
Now let us know more about sons of Yayati ,one by one…!
-Yadu gave rise to Yadu vansha, and one of his descendants is Lord Krishna.
Turvasu also known as Yavana and his descendant formed the Yavana Kingdom As per Srimad Bhagvat 2.4.18: “Yavana was the name of one of the sons of Maharaja Yayati who was given the part of the world known as Yavana to rule. The Yavanas were therefore kshatriyas, and later on, by giving up the brahminical culture, they became mleccha-yavanas. Descriptions of the Yavanas are in the Mahabharata (Adi-parva 85.34). Another prince called Turvasu was also known as Yavana, and his country was conquered by Sahadeva, one of the Pandavas. The western Yavana joined with Duryodhana in the Battle of Kurukshetra under the pressure of Karna.
Sons of Turvasa ruled Baluchistan and south India too. Andhra named after Andira , son of Turvasu. “Hestory of ancient India From 4250 b.c. to 637 A.d.” – A book by J.P.Mittal mentions that Andhra , Dravida , Chola, Pandya and Kerala States were in Baluchistan (Pakistan), The descendnts of Turvasu ruled these states. Yavana defeated them. But they did not accept their suzerainty and shifted to the south India and founded these states there.Malyadhwaja the ruler of Pandya participated in the Mahabharat war on the side of Pandava. (p-421)
Troy (Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa;Greek:Troia; Latin: Troia and Tlium; Turkish: Truva) was a city, both factual and legendary, located in northwest Anatolia in what is now TUrkey, southeast of the Dardanelles and beside Mount Ida.
It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Tauras Mountains are there in Anatolia. The Origin of River Yufretis and Taigris is also in Anatolia.
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature
, including the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer. The Iliad relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders.
The Druhyus were a people of Ancient India. They are mentioned in the Rigveda, often together with the Anu tribe. Some early scholars have placed them in the northwestern region. The Epic and the Puranas say that they are located in the “north” (that is, Gandhara), and are settled in Gandhara, Aratta and Setu. (Vishnu Purana IV.17) The Druhyus were driven out of the land of the seven rivers by Mandhata and their next king Gandhara settled in a north-western region which became known as Gandhara. The sons of the later Druhyu king Prachetas too settle in the “northern” region (Bhagavata 9.23.15-16; Visnu 4.17.5; Vayu 99.11-12; Brahmanda 3.74.11-12 and Matsya 48.9.). More recently, scholars have theorised that the Druhyu could be ancestors of Zoroastrian, Iranian, Greek or European peoples. Particularly, as the Rig Veda describes this proto-Indo European tribe as migrating North. Evidence from archaeogenetics also support the pan indian origin of the proto-indo-europeans.
Twipra or Tripura Kingdom
Druhyu and his descendant are believed to have formed the Twipra Kingdom.
The Bodo-Kachari people gradually settled into the present areas and formed the communities of the Bodo , Kachari, Garo ,Tipra ,Dimsa,Koch peoples. The Tripuri , , Sutiya and Dimsa had established powerful kingdoms in the past. The Tripuri kings had even defeated the Mughuls and the Burmes kingdoms in the past. Today, the Bodos, the Tripuris and the Garos have established a strong political and ethnic identity and are developing their language and literature. The Sonowal Kachari are also a branch of Bodo-Kachari. They live in the districts of Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Dhemaji, Sivasagar, Lakhimpur, Golaghat and Jorhat.
Dorian Greek or Druhyu ?
The Dorians (Greek: Dorieis, singular, Dorieus) were one of the four major ethn? into which the Ancient Greeks, or Hellenes, of the Classical period considered themselves divided. Ethnos has the sense of ethnic group. Herodotus uses the word with regard to them. They are almost always referenced as just “the Dorians”, as they are in the earliest literary mention of them in Odyssey, where they already can be found inhabiting the island of Crete.
They were diverse in way of life and social organization, varying from the populous trade center of the city of Corinth, known for its ornate style in art and architecture, to the isolationist, military state of Sparta. And yet all Hellenes knew what localities were Dorian and what not. Dorian states at war could more likely than not (but not always) count on the assistance of other Dorian states. Dorians were distinguished by the Doric Greek dialect and by characteristic social and historical traditions.
Genos origin of Greek
Genos (plural gene= “clan”) was the ancient Greek term for kind; race; family; birth; origin which identified themselves as a unit, referred to by a single name (see also Sanskrit “Gana“). Most gene seem to have been composed of noble families—Herodotus uses the term to denote noble families—and much of early Greek politics seems to have involved struggles between gene. Gene are best attested at Athens, where writers from Herodotus to Aristotle dealt with them.
Early modern historians postulated that gene had been the basic organizational group of the Dorian and Ionian tribes that settled Greece during the Greek Dark Ages, but more recent scholarship has reached the conclusion that gene arose later as certain families staked a claim to noble lineage. In time, some, but not necessarily all, gene came to be associated with hereditary priestly functions.
The Achaeans were one of the four major tribes into which the people of classical Greece divided themselves. According to the foundation myth formalized by Hesiod, their name comes from Achseus, the mythical founder of the Achaean tribe, who was supposedly one of the sons of Xithus, and brother of Ion, the founder of the Ionian tribe. Xuthus ( or Jorhat?) was in turn the son of Hellen, the mythical patriarch of the Greek (Hellenic) nation.
Historically, the members of the Achaean tribe inhabited the region of Achaea in the northern Peloponnese. Unlike the other major tribes (Ionians, Dorians and Aeolians), the Achaeans did not have a separate dialect in the Classical period, instead using a form of Doric.
The Aeolians were one of the four major ancient Greek tribes comprising Ancient Greeks. Their name derives from Aeolus, the mythical ancestor of the Aeolic branch and son of Hellen, the mythical Patriarch of the Greek nation. The Boeotians, a subgroup of the Aeolians, were driven from Thessaly by the Thessalians and moved their location to Boeotia. Aeolian peoples were spread in many other parts of Greece such as Aetolia,Locris,Corinth,Elis and Messenia.
Garos of North –East India or Greek Genos ?
Achik –mande or Achaeans Greek ?
The Garos are a tribal people in Meghalaya, India and neighboring areas of Bangladesh, who call themselves A•chik Mande (literally “hill people,” from a•chik “hill” + mande “people”) or simply A•chik or Mande.They are the second-largest tribe in Meghalaya after the Khasi and comprise about a third of the local population. Achik –mande do not remind you of The Achaeans Greek tribes?
Kriti / Crete
We have to remember that Kriti was brother of Yayati. Yayati ordered his four brothers and four sons to rule in Four directions.Then Kriti went to crete? Greek pronunciation of Crete is Kriti itself.
Link to Yayati
We also have to remember that Bodo –kashari kings were carrying title “ Kirit “Now let us look at Crete (Greek:Kriti) Island of Greece. Crete is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the fifith largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and one of the thirteen Administrative regions of Greece. It forms a significant part of the economy and cultural heritage of Greece while retaining its own local cultural traits (such as its own Dialect,Poetry and Music). Crete was the centre of the Minoan civilization (c. 2700–1420 BC), the earliest “high culture” civilization in Europe, which built the first palaces in Europe.
Anu,son of Yayati gave rise to a Mleccha tribe, Tusharas (Tukharas, Tocharians), with their kingdom located in the north west of India as per the epic Mahabharat. (Mbh 1:85) Further on Kekaya, a warrior on the Pandava side into whose chariot Bhima got during the fighting on the sixth day. As per Bhagwat Puran the Usinaras, the Sibi, the Madras, and the Kekayas were the direct descendants of Anu. Sibi or Sivi is stated to be son of Usinara.
Anu in Summerian mythology
In Summerian mythology, was a sky-god, the God of Heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, Consort of Antu,spirits and Demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the royal Tiara.
He was one of the oldest gods in the Summerian pantheon.
Puru, the youngest son succeeded the Yayati and inherited his kingdom in the Gangatic plains. He in turn gave rise to Puru Vansha and eventually Pauravas, whose king Porus fought with Alexander the Great in the Battle of the Hydaspes River in 326 BC. Aisa bhi hota hai?
To further understand the subject matter , I am providing you link to the book “The Vishnu Purána: a system of Hindu mythology and tradition” edited by Horace Hayman Wilson.
Link to book
For your little entertainment I am providing you link to French artist Devyani. Look at it and enjoy.
At the end of research
Nahusa ,Yayati and Indra story meets in Anatolia and Greece. They remembered early mythologies of Bharatvarsha of Satyuga. The above facts syas that Nahusa aspired to the possession of the Indrani ,wife of Indra.
Yayati ,son of Nahusa also marry to Devyani -duaghter of Shukracharya and Jayanti – daughter of Indra.
Eliad and odessy carry that ancient mythologies of Bharatvarsha. Indra ,Indrani ,Nahusa and Yayati -Devyani – Kuch mythologies well remembered in Greece.
Indra sahsra Namawali corrects history